Governments are calling for people to refrain from contacting or approaching closely to other people. Here, we will explain about the idea of what is called "social distancing".
Q. What should I do?
A. Keep 2m distance.
Each country recommends that you keep a safe distance of at least 2 meters from people outside of your home when you travel. Ensuring this distance is one of the best ways to avoid exposure to the virus and slow the spread of the infection to the country and the world at large.
When an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks, coronavirus spreads when droplets from the mouth or nose fly into the air and reach the mouth or nose of someone nearby. Splashes can also be inhaled into the lungs. Recent studies have found that unsuspecting infected individuals are also likely to be associated with the spread of infection.
Tips for Securing Social Distance
Where you live, follow the guidance of your local government.
If you need to shop for food or medicine at the grocery store or pharmacy, keep at least two meters away from other people.
If possible, use mail order medication.
Consider a grocery delivery service.
Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when you're around others, including when you have to go to the grocery store or other public places.
Even if you're wearing a face cover, keep at least two meters between yourself and others.
Avoid large and small gatherings in private or public places, such as friends' houses, parks, restaurants, shops, and other places. This advice applies to people of all ages, including teens and young adults. Children should not have a personal playmate during the school holidays. Learn tips on how to keep your kids healthy during the school holidays to maintain social connections and social distance.
If possible, work from home.
If possible, avoid taking public transportation, ridesharing, or taxis.
If you are a student or parent, talk to your school about digital and distance learning options.
(CREDIT：CDC「Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation」)
How does it work?
The image on the poster is an image of how infection changes in the presence or absence of social distance.
On the left, without running social distance, one infected person infects 2.5 people after five days, and after 30 days infects 406 people.
On the other hand, on the right is when you run the social distance. Assuming that the infection rate is cut in half, one infected person infects 1.25 people after five days, and even after 30 days only 15 people.
(Image source: BBC "Coronavirus: What are the current restrictions and why are they needed?")
The BBC's Laura Foster, Health Correspondent, explains the basic idea of social distancing in this video.
(Video Source: BBC "What exactly is Social Distancing?")
From "social distancing, To "physical distancing. (proofreading必要)
The WHO has changed its use of the word "social distancing" to "physical distancing".
This doesn't mean you have to socially cut off your relationships with loved ones and family members. The reason we are purposely referring to physical distance is because we want people to continue to be connected. (Source: from WHO PDF data)
It may be that people's psychological connection is important because they are starting to look deadly and tired due to the coronavirus.
They dance, sing, and play, keeping their distance from each other. You can not only be frightened by the corona, but you can also enjoy it while properly facing it and keeping it safe... Instagram is a video of a family celebrating a certain grandma's 95th birthday. Grandma's smile tells the story of how love can be conveyed even if you can't hug her.
Securing social distance through an administrative approach (proofreading必要)
MINNEAPOLIS - The Minneapolis Parks and Recreation Commission has announced that it will close portions of West River Parkway and Main Street SE to ensure social distance.
In Japan, for example, we put up posters to keep people away from the cherry blossom trees in Ueno Park. However, it didn't stop people from coming to see the flowers; instead, the narrow aisle was crowded with people. From the point of view of physical distance, this is a dead end. The message of "don't see the cherry blossoms" was given priority, and the most important message of "keep a distance of 2 meters between people" was not conveyed.
CONTRIBUTORSEditor : Tetsuya AndoIllustration : Kacho,Shingo HoshinoDesign : Eisuke Tachikawa,Nozomi Aoyama,Koki Ueda